Goa is a state in India within the coastal region known as the konkan in India. It is bounded by Maharashtra to the north and Karnataka to the east and south, with the Arabian Sea forming its western coast. It is India’s smallest state by area, and the fourth smallest by population. Goa has the highest GDP per capita among all Indian states, that is, two and half-times that of the country.
Panaji is the state’s capital, while Vasco da Gama is its largest city. The historic city of Margao still exihibits the cultural influence of the Portuguese, who first landed in the early sixteenth century as merchants and conquered it soon thereafter. Goa is a former Portuguese province, the Portuguese overseas territory of Portuguese India existed for about 450 years until it was annexed by India in 1961.
Goa is one of the most popular destinations in India and is ranked first in India for its excellent quality of life. In popular culture, Goa is especially known for its golden and white sand beaches and its extravagant party scene. All over north and south Goa lie beaches nestled among cliffs and forests with topaz waters kissing their shores. These beaches are the only ones of their kind in India. They are incredibly clean and their popularity with western tourists has won them excellent touristic facilities.
Goa is a part of the coastal country known as the Konkan, which is an escarpment rising up to the Western ghats range of mountains, which separate it from the Deccan plateau. Among the seven major rivers, zuari and Mandovi are the most important rivers. These rivers are fed by the southwest monsoon rain and their basin covers 69% of the state’s geographical area. The total navigable length of Goa’s rivers is 253km. Goa has more than 300 ancient water tanks built during the rule of the kadamba dynasty and over 100 medicinal springs. Some of the oldest rocks in the Indian subcontinent are found in Goa between Molem and Anmod on Goa’s border with Karnataka. The rocks are classified as Trondjemeitic Gneiss estimated to be 3600 million years old. Goa being in the tropical zone and near Arabian sea, has a hot and humid climate for most of the year. Over 90% of average annual rainfall ( 120 inches) is received during the monsoon season.
The western Ghats which form most of eastern Goa , have been internationally recognised as one of the biodervasity hotspots of the world. Goa is compared with the Amazon and the congo basin for rich tropical biodervasity.Goa’s wildlife sanctuaries boast of more than 1512 documented species of plants, over 275 species of birds, over 48 kinds of animals and over 60 genera of reptiles. Foxes, wild boar and migratory birds are found in the jungles of Goa. Goa has many famous national parks.
Tourism is Goa’s primary industry, it gets 12% of foreign tourist arrivals in India. Goa has two main tourist seasons: winter and summer. In winter, tourists from abroad, mainly Europe, come, and summer ( which is Goa is the rainy season) sees tourists from across India.
There are lot of items for curious tourists. Wines , cashew-nuts, enchanting local music to alternative books and handicrafts, Goa has lot. Talented goldsmiths have laid out their shops. Handicraft items range from shell work, ceramic, bamboo, paper mache, coconut-items and fibre. It attracts a lot of tourists, especially foreigners.
There are a lot to satisfy palate. The Goan cuisine is a blend of Portuguese and local flavours. Many dishes such as prawn balchao and kingfish in garlichave distinct Portuguese flavour. The cuisine is mostly seafood based, the staple food are rice and fish. Kingfish is the most common delicacy, others include pomfret, shark, tuna and markerel. Among the shellfish are crabs, prawns, tiger prawns, lobster, squid and mussels. Most beaches have shacks that serve surprisingly delicious meals. Most fancy hotels and restaurants serve terrible food.
Goa has liquors and wines that are priced noticeably low. Product’s available range from wine ( red and white ), to the oddly-named Indian made foreign liquors which include whisky, rum, gin, vodka and more and local liquors, basically cashew and coconut feni, range is long.The above is enough for overall view of a place for tourism. Now, know about some spots that will interest you for sure—
1. Goa has well over 25 amazing beaches ranging from the full of life party destinations to the serene and peaceful ones. As a general assumption, the beaches of North Goa are considered to be more happening and lively than those of south Goa which are quieter and more secluded.
North Goa offers sprightly beaches like Baga, Calangute, Anjuna and Colva, that necklace the northern coastline with tons of shacks buzzing with life, serving lip-smacking delicacies from the Konkan cuisine with cocktails and mocktails to go along; Goa’s beaches make your holiday experience complete.
South Goa is rather mellow, with serene beaches like Arambol, Palolem and Galgibaga which are cut off from the world, but really worth paying a visit if you are looking for some peace and quiet.
2. Basilica de Bom Jesus overview—This UNESCO world heritage site is a church, which is situated in old Goa, and is an excellent example of Baroque architecture. Basilica of Bom Jesus was constructed in the year 1605 and is one of the most important destinations for chritian pilgrims from all over the world. One of the most important attractions here are the remains of the missionary saint francis Xavier.
Basilica de Bom Jesus overview—This UNESCO world heritage site is a church, which is situated in old Goa, and is an excellent example of Baroque architecture. Basilica of Bom Jesus was constructed in the year 1605 and is one of the most important destinations for chritian pilgrims from all over the world. One of the most important attractions here are the remains of the missionary saint francis Xavier.
3. Dudhsagar waterfalls—One of India’s most splendid waterfalls, Dudhsagar falls are located approx. 60 km away from Panjim. This multi-tiered waterfall gushes down milky white waters from a height of 310 meters, making it India’s fifth-highest waterfall. The site, nestled in a completely natural habitat is a pleasure to witness and one can even enjoy some swimming or rock climbing here. An easy way to reach Dudhsagar is to hire a jeep from castle rock or the nearby village, which will guide you through the forests to the falls.