There is the limitations of human thought which prompted Shakespeare to write “ there are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, than are dreamt of in your philosophy.” – Hamlet (1.5.167-8), Hamlet to Horatio. I had no idea that there can be so much limitations of my thought until I stumbled upon the news item this morning that Three brothers who are—a marine engineer, a doctor pursuing a masters in surgery attached to a reputed hospital in Navi Mumbai, and a student of hotel management could have their father a gang leader of a tak-tak gang and the prime accused in a Rs 2.5 lakh theft case . This impossible father is also wanted in connection with a Rs 1.6 crore ATM theft case in Dharavi, Mumbai.
The most common modus operandi of the tak-tak gang involves knocking on a car’s door on the pretext of informing the driver about “oil leakage” or an accident. The moment the driver rolls down the glass of his window, other gang members engage the driver and flee with valuables, especially high-end mobile phones.
In another case, a stranger had knocked on woman’s car’s door saying he had noticed oil leak from her vehicle. She told cops that when she got down from her car to check, an unidentified man stole jewellery and cash lying on the backseat and fled. Earlier this month, cops arrested four accused, including the father here under discussion, while they were in the midst of conspiring to commit another theft.
This news shocked me like anything, I cannot reconcile that a thief can have such sons who are doctor, MBA, and a marine engineer. We have learnt children learn to behave by imitating their parents, then how this big criminal had children that grew up to be so much responsible people.
This world is full of wonders, there is no end to it. There is no single formula to define the world, it is full of surprises—at every turn something new may reveal. Perhaps that is why I find the world so curious, so much worth living !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
My Granddaughter thought that now it is time for relax, and preparing to leave for Kolkata, to enjoy summer vacation with her friends, near and dear ones there. Within hours of finishing the exam, she learnt that her Maths question paper had leaked, and she has to reappear for the examination. Imagine her dismay, she is highly demoralized. Maths is her dreaded subject, and through joining coaching classes and working hard, she did well. She did ninety percent correct, and we along with her, were hoping that at last everything good in abundance was going to follow. She is demoralized. CBSE board is squarely responsible for this, there failure to do their duty properly, brought this harassment to innocent candidates.
She is reluctant to reappear, she along with others written to the board to cancel proposed re-examination, already signatories reached more than 30,000. As news suggests, CBSE and GOI, has ordered investigation to find out the guilty. This is a step in the right direction. Authority may expedite the measure, and fix guilty students and locate their centres, and compel them, only them, and nothing but them, to reappear in the exam, and those unconnected, and not took advantage of question leak, may be spared this harassment from re-examining. HOPE, AUTHORITY IS LISTENING.
As for me, I am obsessed with application of AI in all aspects of public service and healthcare in India. Almost nothing is perfectly in position. I do not blame our authorities for it, they are brilliant people. It is the sheer number what is at the root of all problem. It is a country of 130 crore people. It is an unmanageable number in a democratic set up.
Go to a municipality office, you will see an unwilling clerk is attending a huge number of tax-payers desperately waiting for service; go to a bank branch, you will see a group customers waiting and the counter man has no time to look up to his customers; go to a hospital where a long queue of patients writhing in pain, waiting for the doctor impatiently; go to a police station to lodge a complaint against local hooligan, your ordeal starts . The list is endless. It is a story of multitudes, its a story of want, negligence, deprivation, inefficiency, and ignorance. Resources widely fall short of demand.
In view of above, we need to introduce AI which may help to meet the gap. In this connection , I have collected an article on AI , and reproduced below, in sharing with you all. Please read on.This article says how introduction of AI in healthcare can help us.
[[[A closer look at how AI works; how it can be integrated into the current healthcare delivery mechanism of the country and what are some of the other challenges AI faces in this space.
Artificial Intelligence(AI). A concept which has recently entered India and is slowly making its mark in various sectors and services. Healthcare startups along with hospitals are in the process of integrating AI into their workplaces to optimize the healthcare services delivery. This piece addresses two main questions – How do you integrate AI in the sector; how does one trust AI to do the right job?
Before we get about answering these two questions, it becomes essential to know what AI is and how it planned on being used in the healthcare services space.
WHAT DOES AI HAVE TO DO WITH HEALTHCARE?
In a country like India where the doctor-patient ratio is in a horrible state (1:1700 as opposed to 1:1000 per WHO standards), AI can take the country’s existing healthcare delivery and further accelerate the process. In fact, AI is the only thing which can bridge the inequalities in this sector. AI will also be paramount in processing large volumes of cases and data, allowing more immediate, effective healthcare delivery. For eg, AI is capable of figuring out which will be the next seasonal epidemic and effectively dealing with this situation. It can scour through all oncology journals and combine the research to come up with an actual cure for cancer.
In addition, the current world revolves around data. Medical data is a crucial part of online data and increasingly more people often google their symptoms expecting credible results. Another factor to keep in mind is the fact that AI and Deep Learning is becoming a central point for most of today’s innovation in the technology space and healthcare data is a part of this phenomenon too.
HOW DOES AI INTEGRATE INTO THE HEALTHCARE SPACE?
“We are taking healthcare beyond the boundaries of hospitals and specialized clinics, and augmenting doctors with our artificially assisted technology. We currently work with hospitals to assist their physicians in diagnosing diseases, and also with providing new patients,” says Pradeep Walia, co-founder of Artelus. His team adds “As part of our focus on screening we filter out people who are healthy and only send the ones that need medical care, thus reducing the burden on the healthcare system through unwanted tests and diagnostics. We provide a complete screening solution which can be easily integrated with hospital/clinic’s infrastructure. Any hospital staff or medical assistants can effectively use it to screen patients.”
Artelus is just one company within this tech-cum-medical AI space. Many such companies exist in the country and several others get added to the list each year. Sigtuple, another AI healthcare company is involved in helping the healthcare delivery process by making it easy to perform blood tests and more. “The solution for blood, Shonit™, has already undergone three clinical trials and will be soon available for user adoption followed by commercials. Other solutions are in the advanced stages of development,” says Rohit Kumar Pandey, Co-Founder, and CEO of SigTuple.
There are several others players in this space. A key challenge in this space would be to integrate AI into the existing hospital infrastructure. One can only assume that the upper echelon of hospitals adopt these technologies and start a trickle-down effect. In addition, as this sector becomes increasingly mature, companies which cater to the small/personal setup healthcare clinics using AI will become increasingly common.
HOW DOES ONE TRUST AI TO DO THE RIGHT JOB?
“This is a very nascent and emerging field, and it is natural to be skeptical about it. We envisioned that, and have always emphasized the usage as a doctor assistance, or a virtual assistant to the doctor, thus increasing the doctors’ productivity, allowing them to see more patients, faster. And also to help them be more accurate with our tools as a second opinion tool.” the Artelus team has to say. But before all thumbs up are given, it becomes essential to look at the stakeholders in healthcare services to figure out if AI has a space in the Indian healthcare ecosystem.
The three key stakeholders are patients, doctors, and engineers. AI technology must achieve a check mark from all three.
Let’s take a look at engineers first. Most engineers trust artificial intelligence to perform a good job. Quoting examples of Apple’s ‘SIRI’ or Amazon’s ‘Alexa’, engineers have collectively been at the helm of developments in the AI space. Using data-driven methods such as deep learning, engineers stand firmly by AI. “AI learns only what we teach it to learn. Specialised AI programming for healthcare and other industries will be the gateway for the future. In fact, I believe they will mark the calendar date where Earth has an explosion of data. When talking about trust, it becomes essential to understanding learning. Teaching AI to do particular tasks is the same as teaching children multiplication. It takes time to trust the kid to do multiplication which has global effects. The same holds true for AI.” says Srinidhi R, engineer at 42hertz” who adds, “How does one trust humans to do the right job anyway? Humans are more capable of making errors based on their fatigue levels, stress levels, emotional levels and how they want to see their career grow; AI isn’t limited by this.”
Next, doctors. AI needs to be a proven technology before doctors give their trust to it. Unlike engineers, who might be happy with a 97% success rate, doctors cannot take this risk. 3% of failure in getting exact results is extremely detrimental to medical practices and can have grave circumstances on 3% patients. However, it must be pointed out that these errors can occur from a human being too. Another key point, AI does not aim to replace or displace doctors from medical practices. This is impossible from both a machine and human viewpoint.
AI is merely present to enhance doctor skill, diagnosis practices and help treat a patient in a more wholesome manner. Not just that AI will help reduce the number of cases that come to hospitals. It is estimated that over 90% accidents happen due to human errors; automating driving will reduce the hospital strain and resources on accident and trauma victims by roughly the same factor.
The last, and the most unique of these subsets, patients. Patients, unlike doctors and engineers, in most cases, have next to no idea about how either medicine or AI works and they make-up the biggest section of the stakeholders in this ecosystem. Due to misinformation, skepticism and the various challenges associated with the dissipation of technology, patients will be the hardest to convince in terms of AI benefits. Another big challenge associated with patients, is that they are going to spend the least time with AI. Convincing someone of the benefits of items they rarely interact with is absurdly complicated and challenging. Patients would much rather have their surgery performed by a human beings, humans that breathe and move and have the innate ability to get untimely cramps. A machine in this situation, is much more trustworthy and reliable at dissipating the right kind of treatment.
To sum up, one thing is clear, AI will have a noticeable impact on healthcare delivery. The extent to with which it will penetrate this space is unclear but it is definitely going to make it easier to minimize the problems that comes with a 1:1700 doctor-patient ratio. Another thing that can be said with certainty is that AI isn’t restricted to just the medical end; it has many other applications in healthcare space including record management, treatment scheduling, precision medicine, drug creation, patient communications and even facility design. It will, by all means, promote more empathy and human connect as machines will take over certain sub-sections of each jobs allowing more time for interpersonal relationships to develop. With all these possible application, AI is definitely going to be a game changer in the healthcare space. Time and technology will tell if the game is changed for the good or the bad.]]]
Members of the Buddhist community have filed a petition before the Supreme court claiming that the disputed land at Ayodhya is actually a Buddhist site. The petition says the claim is based on the four excavations, carried out by the Archaeological Survey of India, at the disputed site, with the last one being held in 2002-2003.
The petition claims that there was a structure relating to the Buddhist religion at the site before Babri mosque was constructed there. “The ASI excavation revealed the existence of stupas, circular stupas, walls and pillars which are distinctive features of a Buddha Vihar,” said the petition.
My point is different here, and it is solely to improve the communal harmony of the country. After Babri Masjid, it has touched the bottom. In this background, hard followers of both religions, are working overtime to whip up the religious sentiments keeping an eye to vote bank. Any time it may break into a civil war. Now, the present petition to Supreme Court may resolve the issue permanently, if my word is listened to.
A decision on the current petition, in favour of Buddhism may dissuade Hindus and Muslims—the warring community, from any possibility of festering the wound further. If facts are in favour, all the best. Even if it is otherwise, SC may interpret the evidences in such a fashion so that betterment of society prevails. This can happen if Buddhism wins, neither Hindus nor Muslims.
I remember the time when A N Roy was made the chief Justice of India by superseding many of his seniors in 1972. There was a hue and cry throughout the country. Indira Gandhi, the ablest Prime Minister of India, told us that being senior in position, and of higher merit, should not be the only criterion for selection of judges of India, he must have social commitment, right kind of social philosophy, which will influence his decision connected with the welfare of society. Now it is time of social disharmony due to religious sentiments, decision on the current petition, should be such that Ajodhya should go to Buddhists.
Finding truth is important, more important is to establish the course of society towards welfare of all citizen.
At least me, think that BMC works impartially without doing any favour to high and mighty. Usually big people take law in their own hand, and distort it to suit their own end, without any fear of punishment. This is the norm in our country generally.
BMC is a contrast. Recently, TOI reported BMC served notice to Kishore Kumar’s House in Gauri Kunj, in Juhu, as there has been unauthorised construction. Before this, BMC issued notice to Shatrughna Sinha, a BJP MP for similar unauthorised construction. Previously, there was demolition of Arshad Warsi, and Shah Rukh Khan’s bungalow, even Shahrukh Khan had to pay Rs 1.9 lakh as labour charge to carry out the demolition of unauthorised portion and removal of related garbage… This all reminds me of one Mr Khairnar who once was a chairman of BMC and removed the unauthorised construction of mighty people. In a nutshell, BMC’s performance is commendable all through , it works fearlessly. I am proud of BMC.
Immediate after my retirement on the last day of December, 2011, I was in ecstasy that at last I am out of the daily grind of office . It was a real relief— when I say this, believe me, there is no hypocrisy in me. In my life I served under various employers and gave back to the employers what was their due from me but mostly, I did not enjoy my job. As soon as one enter in a work place in this set up, one has to sacrifice one’s independence. I am sure that myself, like my other colleagues—although a few, was never a duffer; the required intelligence for carrying out any job, I had in ample measure.
But the kind of job, environment, cultural practice, generally maintained enthusiastically, by the system, is always choking for an individual. Prevailing environment in a workplace, is hostile to human honour, dignity, independence, and many other things which a normal independent human being cherish. Any noble man with right values, right attitude, and intelligence is a prisoner gasping for breath, and wistfully look to the sky through the prison hole expecting when he will be released finally. Often, human values one is taught in our educational institutes before entering a job, has to be sacrificed to conform for survival in workplace. Sometimes you have the impression that all fair is foul, all foul is fair…………these jobs are mostly of repetitive nature requiring little or no intelligence, and is mechanical. One wonders, if all these human hands in the system can not be wholly replaced lock, stock, and barrel by artificial intelligence. Mediocrity is the order of the day, creativity is pooh poohed, and…………………..
This will be good for development of work place, human being as a social unit, and overall, absolute development of the organization and the country. Today or tomorrow, India will have to adopt it, willy-nilly, in line with the world, this will remove all sorts of inefficiencies including corruption from the system. Being out of such a system, naturally, I was full of ecstasy. Next six months followed was a great relief, a continuous story of freedom and release. Several days I waked through the night walking the streets, followed by sleeping throughout the day.
Soon after a year, after having had all the physical rest, I was trying to be engaged in a work. But ultimately did not find a suitable one , moreover, I must admit that post retirement what employers pay now a days after independence due to general rise of wealth of the country , is sufficient to lead a happy life unless one has expensive habits. Any man born and brought up in a middle class should not have any complaint. I also do not have any complaint. There is a necessary health cover also, with God’s blessings living happily with everything aligned.
Tagore said that being born in opulence, makes your life short, but there is a difference of opinions also, for common man as well as for great thinkers. Somerset Maughm said the opposite, ‘ I have nothing but contempt for the people who despise money. They are hypocrites or fools. Money is like a sixth sense without which you cannot make a complete use of the other five. Without an adequate income half the possibilities of life are shut off. The only thing to be careful about is that you do not pay more than a shilling for the shilling you earn. You will hear people say that poverty is the best spur to the artist. They have never felt the iron of it in their flesh. They do not know how mean it makes you. It exposes you to endless humiliation, it cuts your wings, it eats into your soul like a cancer ‘. In my opinion, Maughm is true in terms of lump-sum end-pleaure, Tagore is true in terms of moment to moment living in later life.
With this background, I have enough experiences of life and it is always fine to write your experience because writing gives pleasure. When you are bored and down in life, just get up and set yourself up to write—you soon get straightened up suddenly, from the toe to your head. You become most alert and start feeling that you have just taken a healthy tonic, effect never wear off so long you are in the process of pouring down your thoughts, correcting words/ sentences, adding, subtracting, changing the order of words/ paragraphs. But one caution that, here is inherently a gap, between what you write and what your reader read– required ability may lack at either end. It is always there, will be always there, never mind it. But one caution, do not write for others, write for yourself and then only you will enjoy. I enjoy because I write for myself, not for anybody else, I have no objection if you throw to dustbin. My job is done.
I write as per my whims, on anything that comes my way. I wrote as many as 75 articles by this, too many more jostle and crowd my mind to have their voice—loud and audible. I visited DIGNITY FOUNDATION which cares for senior citizens. I joined them but started feeling old for the first time. I came back to my nest. One day I attended a lecture there which advised people with writing ability to make a blog and affiliate. The idea inspired me, actually such an opportunity I was softly working for, and naturally their idea caught me.
Came back home from DIGNITY FOUNDATION,and applied the idea, and the result is before you. I monetized my site by seeking affiliation of amazon. The real import is that when a reader comes to my site, and decide to buy anything on scrutinizing amazon’s advertisements using my gateway, I will be paid a nominal fee that in its present form, will go to cover the cost of maintenance of my site. If any of you want to make same type of effort and don’t know how to, I may help you. If you already know it, and know far better, please help me improving my site.
Our school books say that the whole story of progress of human race, is a give and take. I realise now what I read in school those days, I did not understand then, used for passing the exam only; now at the age of 66 , I start to understand the real meaning of those.